MINERS' TEN COMMANDMENTS
Thou shalt have no other claim than one.
shalt not make unto thyself any false claim, nor any likeness to a mean man, by jumping one: for I, a miner, am a just one,
and will visit the miners around about, and they will judge thee; and when they shall decide, thou shalt take thy pick, thy
pan, thy shovel and thy blankets with all thou hast and shall depart seeking other good diggings, but thou shalt find none.
Then when thou hast paid out all thy dust, worn out thy boots and garments so that there is nothing good about them but the
pockets, and thy patience is like unto thy garments, then in sorrow shall thou return to find thy claim worked out, and yet
thou hath no pile to hide in the ground, or in the old boot beneath thy bunk, or in buckskin or in bottle beneath thy cabin,
and at last thou shalt hire thy body out to make thy board and save thy bacon.
Thou shalt not go prospecting before thy
claim gives out. Neither shalt thou take thy money, nor thy gold dust, nor thy good name, to the gaming table in vain; for
monte, twenty-one, roulette, faro, lansquenet and poker, will prove to thee that the more thou puttest down the less thou
shalt take up; and when thou thinkest of thy wife and children, thou shalt not hold thyself guiltless—but insane.
Thou shalt not remember what thy friends
do at home on the Sabbath day, lest the remembrance may not compare favorably with what thou doest here. Six days thou mayst
dig or pick; but the other day is Sunday; yet thou washest all thy dirty shirts, darnest all thy stockings, tap thy boots,
mend thy clothing, chop the whole week's firewood, make up and bake thy bread, and boil thy pork and beans, that thou
wait not when thou returnest from thy long-tom weary. For in six days' labor only though canst do it in six months; and
though, and thy morals and thy conscience, be none the better for it; but reproach thee, shouldst thou ever return with thy
worn-out body to thy mother's fireside.
Though shalt not think more of all thy gold, and how thou canst make it fastest,
than how thou will enjoy it after thou hast ridden rough-shod over thy good old parents' precepts and examples, that thou
mayest have nothing to reproach thee, when left ALONE in the land where thy father's blessing and thy mother's love
hath sent thee.
Thou shalt not kill; neither thy body by working in the rain, even though thou shalt make enough to buy physic
and attendance with; nor thy neighbor's body in a duel, or in anger, for by "keeping cool," thou canst save
his life and thy conscience. Neither shalt thou destroy thyself by getting "tight," nor "stewed," nor
"high," nor "corned," nor "half- seas over," nor "three sheets in the wind," by drinking
smoothing down—"brandy slings," "gin cocktails," "whiskey punches," "rum toddies,"
nor "egg-noggs." Neither shalt thou suck "mint juleps," nor "sherry- cobblers," through a straw,
nor gurgle from a bottle the "raw material," nor take "it straight" from a decanter; for, while thou art
swallowing down thy purse, and the coat from off thy back thou art burning the coat from off thy stomach; and if thou couldst
see the houses and lands, and gold dust, and home comforts already lying there—"a huge pile"—thou shouldst
feel a choking in thy throat; and when to that thou addest thy crooked walkings thou wilt feel disgusted with thyself, and
inquire "Is thy servant a dog that he doeth these things!" Verily, thou shalt say, "Farewell, old bottle, I
will kiss thy gurgling lips no more; slings, cocktails, punches, smashes, cobblers, nogs, toddies, sangarees and juleps, forever
farewell. Thy remembrance shames one; henceforth, I cut thy acquaintance, and headaches, tremblings, heart-burnings, blue
devils, and all the unholy catalogue of evils that follow in thy train. My wife's smiles and my children's merry-hearted
laugh, shall charm and reward me for having the manly firmness and courage to say NO. I wish thee an eternal farewell."
Thou shalt not grow discouraged, nor think of going home before thou hast made thy "pile," because
thou hast not "struck a lead," nor found a "rich crevice," nor sunk a hole upon a "pocket,"
lest in going home thou shalt leave four dollars a day, and going to work, ashamed, at fifty cents, and serve thee right;
for thou knowest by staying here, thou mightst strike a lead and fifty dollars a day, and keep thy manly self respect, and
then go home with enough to make thyself and others happy.
Thou shalt not steal a pick, or a shovel, or a pan from thy
fellow-miner; nor take away his tools without his leave; nor borrow those he cannot spare; nor return them broken, nor trouble
him to fetch them back again, nor talk with him while his water rent is running on, nor remove his stake to enlarge thy claim,
nor undermine his bank in following a lead, nor pan out gold from his "riffle box," nor wash the "tailings"
from his sluice's mouth. Neither shalt thou pick out specimens from the company's pan to put them in thy mouth or
pocket; nor cheat thy partner of his share; nor steal from thy cabin-mate his gold dust, to add to thine, for he will be sure
to discover what thou hast done, and will straightaway call his fellow miners together, and if the law hinder them not, will
hang thee, or give thy fifty lashes, or shave thy head and brand thee, like a horse thief, with "R" upon thy cheek,
to be known and read of all men, Californians in particular.
Thou shalt not tell any false tales about "good diggings
in the mountains," to thy neighbor that thou mayest benefit a friend who had mules, and provisions, and tools and blankets
he cannot sell,—lest in deceiving thy neighbor, when he returneth through the snow, with naught save his rifle, he present
thee with the contents thereof, and like a dog, thou shalt fall down and die.
Thou shalt not commit unsuitable matrimony, nor covet "single blessedness;"
nor forget absent maidens; nor neglect thy "first love;"—but thou shalt consider how faithfully and patiently
she awaiteth thy return; yea and covereth each epistle that thou sendest with kisses of kindly welcome—until she hath
thyself. Neither shalt thou cove thy neighbor's wife, nor trifle with the affections of his daughter; yet, if thy heart
be free, and thou dost love and covet each other, thou shalt "pop the question" like a man.
were actually written in 1853 by James M. Hutchings (1818-1902)